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Unlimited atonement
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In response to the Remonstrants' Five articles of Remonstrance, the Synod of Dort published the Canons of Dort which included
limited atonement.

One of the stronger, more vocal proponents of Unlimited atonement was John Wesley. Those who opposed the view include
George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards. It should also be noted that the namesake of the Calvinist systematic theological
viewpoint, John Calvin, seemingly expressed an unlimited atonement position in several passages from his published Commentaries.

The terms unlimited, universal, and general are somewhat of a misnomer and have been adopted primarily to distinguish this
doctrine from a Calvinist understanding of limited atonement. More accurately, the call of the Gospel is universal and there
are no limits on who can believe through faith, but the legal payment is still regarded as limited only to those that respond
through faith in Jesus. Thus, it is not the same as the doctrine of universal salvation, which holds that all souls will ultimately
be reconciled to God, irrespective of faith.

What it states
  1. The purpose of the atonement was universal—Jesus died on behalf of all people, not just the elect.
  2. The atonement makes a way for all to respond to the Gospel call—Part of the effect of the atonement                                                   
    is the restoration of the ability to respond to God's call of salvation .
  3. Salvation is available for all—The doctrine of unlimited atonement rejects the predeterminism associated                                          
    with Calvinism and states that every human has the opportunity to accept Jesus through faith.
  4. The atonement legally pays for the sins of those who believe on Jesus—Only those who believe on Jesus are forgiven                        
    —only the believers' sins are paid

What it does not state
  1. Jesus paid the penalty for those who deny faith in Him, and His death was a substitutionary atonement for those who                      
    deny Him—Though the term unlimited atonement can easily give the incorrect assumption that Jesus' payment                 
    encompassed all people, unlimited atonement maintains a limit on the legal effect. Jesus' death was indeed an                                
    offer of a substitutionary atonement to all, but this offer was resistible; though salvation is offered to all, not all                                   
    are saved. Amyraldism (commonly called "four-point Calvinism" holds to a view of Unlimited atonement that is                                   
    very similar but not  synonymous with the traditional Arminian understanding) teaches that God has provided                              
    Christ's atonement for all alike, but seeing that none would believe on their own, he then elects those whom                                        
    he will bring to faith in Christ, thereby preserving the Calvinist doctrine of the unconditional election of individuals.

Unlimited atonement has a number of important points in common with traditional formulations of limited atonement.
Both positions affirm that:

The call of salvation can genuinely be made universally
Jesus paid the penalty only for those who have faith in Him
Jesus' death was a substitutionary atonement only for those who accept Him

Biblical passages
All quotes from the NKJV unless otherwise noted, emphasis added:

  • John 1:29—"The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh                             
    away the sin of the world."

  • John 3:14-18—"And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up,                               
    that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life. For God so loved the world that He gave                                     
    His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. For God did not                             
    send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved. He who believes                              
    in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the                           
    name of the only begotten Son of God."

  • John 3:16—"For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall                                  
    not perish but have eternal life."

  • Romans 3:23-24—"For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift,                        
    through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus"

  • Romans 5:18—"Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads                                  
    to justification and life for all men."

  • 2 Corinthians 5:14-15—"For the love of Christ compels us, because we judge thus: that if One died for all, then                                  
    all died; and He died for all, that those who live should live no longer for themselves, but for Him who died for                                     
    them and rose again."

  • 2 Corinthians 5:19—"[I]n Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against                                
    them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation."

  • 1 Timothy 1:15—"Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world                                     
    to save sinners—of whom I am the worst."

  • 1 Timothy 2:3-6—For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be                                   
    saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God and one Mediator between God and                                   
    men, the Man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time."

  • 1 Timothy 4:10—"For to this end we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who                                          
    is the Savior of all men, especially of those who believe."

  • Titus 2:11—"For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people."

  • Hebrews 2:9—"But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and                                      
    honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone."

  • 2 Peter 2:1—"They will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign Lord who bought                               
    them." This appears to indicate that Christ "bought" some who are not among the elect.

  • 2 Peter 3:9—"The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering                                   
    to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance."

  • 1 John 2:2—"And He [Christ] Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world."

  • 1 John 4:14—"And we have seen and we testify that the Father has sent His Son as the world’s Savior."